THEORY OF OPERATION - CONTINUED
TRANSMISSION - CONTINUED
Third Speed Reverse.
Machine ECM determines proper clutches to engage based on inputs such as machine speed, engine speed, and
Machine ECM modulates electrical current sent to selected clutch solenoids. Clutch solenoids are located on mod-
ulating relief valves. Modulating current to clutch solenoid controls clutch pressure by shifting spool in modulating
When transmission direction and shift lever is moved to THIRD SPEED REVERSE, both modulating valve sole-
noid for clutch 5 (third speed and fourth speed) and modulating valve solenoid for clutch 3 (reverse) are energized.
When modulating valve solenoid on for clutch 3 is energized, modulating valve directs pump oil to clutch 3 to
engage clutch. When modulating valve solenoid on for clutch 5 is energized, modulating valve directs pump oil to
clutch 5 to engage clutch.
Oil in clutches that are not engaged is sent back to sump as return oil.
Transmission relief valve controls pump oil pressure that is supplied to modulating valves. Transmission relief
valve directs unneeded pump oil to torque converter as torque converter oil. Torque converter outlet oil flows
through torque converter outlet relief valve to oil cooler as lubrication oil. After oil cools, it flows to transmission
for transmission lubrication. After transmission is lubricated and cooled, it drains to sump.
Torque converter inlet relief valve limits torque converter inlet oil pressure to protect torque converter.