THEORY OF OPERATION - CONTINUED
ENGINE - CONTINUED
Turbocharger produces boost across entire engine rpm range. Increased boost at low rpm fills combustion
chamber with dense air. Dense air mixes with fuel to promote a complete combustion.
Turbocharger has a compressor wheel and a turbine wheel, both connected to a common shaft supported
by two bearings. Bearings are lubricated by pressurized engine oil which enters through oil inlet port.
Engine oil lubricates bearings and removes heat. Oil returns to oil sump through oil outlet port.
Cylinder head houses all valves and is ported to allow for cooling, air intake, and lubrication.
Valve System Components.
Valve system components control inlet air flow into and out of cylinders during engine operation. Valve
mechanism also operates fuel injector.
Camshaft must be timed to crankshaft to get correct relation between piston movement and valve move-
Camshaft has three camshaft lobes for each cylinder. Lobes operate fuel injectors, inlet valves, and exhaust
valves. As camshaft turns, camshaft lobes cause lifters to move pushrods up and down. Upward pushrod
movement against rocker arms results in downward movement (opening) of valves.
Each cylinder has two inlet and exhaust valves. Valves are actuated simultaneously by a valve bridge.
Valve springs close valves when lifters move down.
Exhaust manifold channels engine exhaust through wastegate valve.
Wastegate valve in turbocharger directs engine exhaust through turbocharger or allows exhaust to bypass
turbocharger when boost pressure reaches maximum.