ELECTRICAL GROUND POINTS
Good electrical ground points are essential for the proper functioning of the electrical
system. Ground points on electrical components and machine frame must be maintained
in a clean and secure condition to minimize electrical problems.
1. Remove nut, locknut, lockwasher, screw, etc. connecting ground wire or ground cable to ground point
on electrical component or threaded stud on machine frame.
2. If necessary, clean dirt from ring terminal, surface of electrical component, ground point, and all mounting
hardware with detergent, water, and a scrub brush.
3. Remove any corrosion or rust with a wire brush and abrasive cloth.
4. Replace defective mounting hardware. Replace damaged ring terminal refer to Ring Terminal Repair in this
5. Install ground wire or ground cable on ground point with mounting hardware and tighten securely.
END OF TASK
A digital multimeter is used to test the electrical system of the machine. The digital multimeter continuity/diode
position is used to test diodes and to test a circuit for a short to another wire or to ground. The ohms position is
used to measure resistance, thereby testing the integrity of a wire between two points. The AC Volt and DC Volt
positions are used to test voltage levels at any point in the electrical system.
Always test digital multimeter before performing any tests.
Failure to follow this caution may result in an improper diagnosis and incorrect
replacement of parts.
1. Select DC volts and touch digital multimeter leads together. Voltage should be 0V DC.
a. If voltage is more than 0V DC, turn digital multimeter off and inspect leads for cuts, abrasions, and
damaged. If leads are ok, replace digital multimeter battery. Perform digital multimeter test, calibrate digital
multimeter if voltage is more than 0V DC.
b. If voltage is 0V DC, proceed to step 2.
2. Select diode and touch digital multimeter leads together. The diode test alarm should activate and the display
should indicate 0 ohms.
a. If diode test alarm does not activate or display does not indicate 0 ohms, calibrate digital multimeter.
b. If diode test alarm activates and display indicates 0 ohms. Digital multimeter is OK. Perform tests using
digital multimeter as directed.
1. Select the continuity/diode test on digital multimeter.
2. Connect digital multimeter leads to wiring harness terminals as directed from troubleshooting.
3. Monitor and record reading. An audible sound is generated and digital multimeter displays a number
representing resistance of component being tested.